2021 BM Gıda İsrafı Raporu: Türkiye’de her yıl 7,7 milyon ton yiyecek çöpe atılıyor

Birleşmiş Milletler (BM) 2021 Gıda İsraf Endeksi Raporu’na göre, Türkiye’de yılda kişi başı 93 kilogram, toplamda 7.7 milyon ton gıda israf ediliyor. Küresel çaptaki gıda israfı ise 1.3 milyar ton’a yaklaşıyor. Sadece Türkiye’de, bir yılda israf edilen gıdanın ağırlığı 147 adet Titanik gemisinin ya da 762 adet Eyfel Kulesi’nin ağırlığına eşdeğer.

Açlık sorununun çözümü daha çok üretmek değil, bilinçli tüketmektir
BM Gıda ve Tarım Örgütü’nün 2013 tarihli araştırmasına göre, dünyada gıda israfının önlenmesi ile gıda üretiminin yüzde 60 oranında azalması sağlanabilir. 30 yıl içinde dünya nüfusunun 9 milyara ulaşması beklenirken, bu nüfusu beslemek için, mevcut tüketime göre, gıda üretiminin yüzde 70 artması gerekiyor: BM bu miktarın gıda israfını azaltarak da karşılanabileceğini belirtiyor. 

2 milyon ton gıda israfı bilinçlendirme ile önlenebilir
İTÜ Geliştirme Vakfı Okulları, Ekrem Elginkan Lisesi öğrencileri Çağla Akbaş ve Yaren Arıkan, Ana alanı Coğrafya Tematik Alanı Sürdürülebilir Kalkınma olan “Yiyeceğin Kadar Al” isimli projeleriyle TÜBİTAK tarafından düzenlenen 2022 Yılı Lise Öğrencileri Araştırma Projeleri Yarışması’nda İkincilik ödülüne layık görüldü. Gençlerin projesi 14-16 Mart tarihlerinde gerçekleşen İstanbul Avrupa Bölge Sergisi’nde de yer aldı. 

Öğrenciler, öncelikle bir bilinçlendirme çalışması ile Türkiye’deki gıda israfının ciddi miktarda önlenebileceğini okullarında yürüttükleri araştırma ile saptadılar. Birleşmiş Milletler Sürdürülebilir Kalkınma Hedefleri doğrultusunda hazırlanan proje, atık hiyerarşisinin birinci aşaması olan ‘önleme’ amacı ile geliştirilerek, tüketicinin bilincinin artırılması hedeflendi. 

Öğrenciler bir ay boyunca okulun çeşitli yerlerine astıkları afişler, posterler ile bir yemek menüsünde yenmeyen yemek ve gıdalar hakkında bilgilendirme yaptılar. Yapılan bilinçlendirme çalışması sayesinde öğrenciler kendi liselerinde gıda israfının yüzde 34 oranında azaldığını birinci ayın sonunda belirlediler. Proje sayesinde, Ekrem Elginkan Lisesi’nde yıllık iki ton gıdanın taşınması, bertaraf edilmesi için harcanan kaynaklar tasarruf edildiği gibi gıdaların üretimi, lojistiği ve bertaraf edilirken ortaya çıkan karbon ayak izi de azaltıldı. Benzer projelerin yaygınlaşması ve gündelik hayata uyarlanması ile Türkiye’de gıda israfı 2 milyon ton azaltılabilir. 

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